Friday, 7 March 2014

java.lang.RuntimeException: Stub! in Robolectric


Hello Droid Friends,
                              Have you facing following error while running a test case using
Roboelectric and Junit-4.

java.lang.RuntimeException: Stub!
at android.content.Context.<init>(Context.java:4)
at android.content.ContextWrapper.<init>(ContextWrapper.java:5)
at android.view.ContextThemeWrapper.<init>(ContextThemeWrapper.java:5)
at android.app.Activity.<init>(Activity.java:6)
at com.actionbarsherlock.app.SherlockActivity.<init>(SherlockActivity.java:21)
at com.opttown.OptTown.DrawerBaseActivity.<init>(DrawerBaseActivity.java:34)
at com.opttown.Places.MyPlaces.<init>(MyPlaces.java:63)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:57)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:525)
at org.fest.reflect.constructor.Invoker.newInstance(Invoker.java:77)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.<init>(ActivityController.java:47)
at org.robolectric.Robolectric.buildActivity(Robolectric.java:1409)
at com.opttown.test.MyPlacesTest.setUp(MyPlacesTest.java:25)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:601)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:45)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:15)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:42)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:27)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:263)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:68)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:47)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:231)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:60)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:229)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:50)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:222)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:300)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:50)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:467)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:683)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:390)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:197)


Most of stub!  exceptions are because the tests are not annotated with the correct TestRunner. For example in my case I forgot to add:
@RunWith(RobolectricTestRunner.class)

After adding the above annotation the above issue will be fixed.


import static org.junit.Assert.assertNotNull;
import static org.robolectric.Robolectric.shadowOf;

import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.robolectric.Robolectric;
import org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner;
import org.robolectric.annotation.Config;
import org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity;

import android.content.Context;

import com.android.Places.MyPlaces;

@RunWith(RobolectricTestRunner.class)
public class MyPlacesTest {
 
 private MyPlaces activity;
 Context ctx;
 ShadowActivity shadowActivity;
 
 @Before
 public void setUp() throws Exception {
  activity = Robolectric.buildActivity(MyPlaces.class)
                .create()
                .get();
  shadowActivity = shadowOf(activity);
  ctx = activity;
 }
 
 /**
   * @testdox: for activity instance test 
   * given: 
   * when:  app launch
   * then: checking the instance of activity
   */
  @Test
  @Config(reportSdk = 10)
  public void testActivityInstance() {
   assertNotNull(shadowActivity.getApplicationContext());
   Assert.assertEquals("Result",activity.getApplicationContext(),sh                       adowActivity.getApplicationContext());
  }



Hope this will help you during writing the test case for your android project.



Enjoy Coding... :) 

You may also Read this:
1. Roboelectric setup with eclipse
2. R
oboelectric AndroidManifest.xml not found error
3. Roboelectric tutorial
4. Asserting Toast message using Robolectric
.

Mukesh Yadav

Hi Guys I am from Delhi working as Web/Mobile Application Developer(Android Developer), also have knowledge of Roboelctric and Mockito ,android test driven development... Blogging has been my passion and I think blogging is one of the powerful medium to share knowledge and ideas....

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